Have you ever noticed dark-brown or black slime on faucets, spouts, aerators, shower heads, in toilet bowls or other bathroom fixtures? Harmless manganese bacteria causes it, and in this post, I will tell you how to get rid of the black gunk. I will also list methods that do not, or only temporarily, work.
Mentioned Brands & Products
|APEC RO-90 – Reverse Osmosis Drinking Water System|
|MOLDetect® One Sample Mold Test Kit|
|Hach 146700 Manganese Test Kit|
Water quality in Atlanta
I was born and raised in Salzburg (Austria), which is not only known for Sound of Music* and Mozart but also for excellent water quality. Ok, maybe the last part isn’t commonly known unless you are from there.
In Alpharetta, Georgia, water smells and tastes different. The first thing I noticed when moving here was the chlorine taste in tap water. I keep joking with fellow Europeans, who live in the US, to bring a small bottle of chlorine on trips back to Europe so we can make the water there taste like what we got used to here in the US.
Besides taste, I have noticed another nuisance with our drinking water. Black slime or gunk was building up around bathroom fixtures. On faucets, this nasty stuff seems to accumulate around spouts and aerators and form black flakes or slime. In toilet bowls, you may notice it as dark stains.
What is causing black slime in faucet aerators?
I found myself removing that black gunk on faucets and spouts a lot lately, so I searched the Internet for answers. Unfortunately, there isn’t a lot of factual information available. Unless you already know what it is, so you can use the proper search terms. Keywords like “pink shower mold” often lead to ridiculous answers, such as “call the health department” or “sue your landlord.” So I decided to dig a bit deeper and soon discovered oxidized manganese and harmless bacteria feeding off of it to be the cause of this black slime.
Interestingly enough, the problem doesn’t occur on every faucet or appliance, but it could manifest as:
- A black shower head or faucet
- Pink or black stains in toilet bowls
Manganese, as well as iron bacteria in water, can stain drinking water, fixtures or even laundry. Most drinking water has traces of dissolved iron and manganese. When these minerals come into contact with oxygen (from water or air), they oxidize. Iron can tint water (and things it comes in contact with, such as fixtures) red and manganese can tint water black.
Manganese is a naturally occurring metal that can be found in different types of rocks, soils, and sediments; and typically occurs in lakes, rivers, and underground water supplies.
The black slime that accumulates on spouts is bacteria that feed on oxidized iron and manganese in the water.
Is Manganese (bacteria) harmful?
Neither manganese nor the bacteria are considered dangerous and a risk to your health in levels as they occur in our drinking water. The WHO recommends maintaining a concentration of 0.05mg/l in drinking water. Lower levels can be easily achieved by filtration.
Manganese and iron in drinking water
Depending on the concentration of manganese in your drinking water you have different options. Unfortunately, Fulton County doesn’t spell out manganese levels in its annual Water Quality Report. That is because there are no federal drinking water standards for manganese. So if you want to know how much manganese is in your drinking water, you have to get it tested.
I called our water provider, the Fulton County Water & Sewer Billing and Collection Division. The gentleman on the phone told me that the problem of black slime in water pipes could be resolved by flushing the main line.
Our house was built in 1989, and if the main line was never flushed, I could imagine that mineral deposits, including manganese, built up over the years.
He came out the same day flushed the main line and told me that the problem should be fixed. Unfortunately, flushing the main line did not resolve the problem; we still have the black slime and gunk. I called the county, and someone from the water department came out to run some tests. All ad-hoc tests confirmed that the water quality was within the county guidelines, but the gentleman admitted that he had never seen this issues before. That statement made me wary because I was surely not the only one who was affected. But maybe, I was the first one complaining to the county.
Besides the most obvious reasons mentioned above, black gunk can also be caused by oxidizing pipes (ours are PVC), dissolving rubber seals in your water heater (ours is brand new), among other reasons. To rule out manganese, you can get a test kit from Amazon* and check the levels. If you are concerned that the black slime in your home could be mold, call an expert, or use a DIY test kit* to confirm.
How to get rid of black slime on faucets
In summer of 2017, we decided to remodel our kitchen and install a reverse osmosis drinking water filter for the kitchen sink. I didn’t expect it would solve our manganese problem and frankly, I didn’t even think about it. Until then, we used a Britta water pitcher* with replaceable filter cartridges to filter tap water, but refilling and cleaning that pitcher became a bit of a chore. As a result, we wanted something more convenient that could produce clean and good-tasting drinking water on-demand. I did a lot of research, and we finally decided to invest in an RO-90 – Ultimate 5-Stage 90 GPD Reverse Osmosis Drinking Water System* from APEC.
Reverse osmosis fixed the black slime problem
On Sunday, on April 22, 2018, at 5:30 am, I poured a glass of water from the APEC’s faucet before sitting down to write on my blog when it occurred to me that I have not seen a speck of the black slime I see everywhere else in the house. So I unscrewed the aerator of the APEC’s faucet to see if there was any buildup, but there wasn’t!
- Removes 99% of all contaminants, including black-slime causing manganese and iron from tap water
- Convenient and low maintenance – filter cartridges last 1-3 years (depending on stage)
- Excellent return on investment
- No more descaling the coffee maker or steamer
If you think about it, that makes perfect sense because the APEC’s reverse osmosis filtration system removes all minerals and other contaminants from the water, including iron and manganese. That’s also the reason why we don’t have to descale our steam oven or coffee maker when using filtered water – because it doesn’t contain any minerals, such as calcium!
What about whole house water filtration systems?
Technically, you could apply the same principal and install a whole house water filtration system. But there are some caveats to consider:
- Make sure to get a reverse-osmosis (RO) filtration system, and
- Be prepared to triple your water bill
You can find different types of water filtration systems in the market. Most of them do not use reverse osmosis to filter all of your water. That has two reasons:
- You need high water pressure to apply reverse osmosis: The pressure from the filtration system back into your water supply line is lower than the intake pressure. That’s usually not a problem for an individual faucet, but it likely is if you try to filter the water from the main supply line.
- It wastes a lot of water. An RO-based system uses on average 3 gallons of tap water for every gallon of filtered water it produces.
As a result of the above factors, a typical whole house water filter may not be able to remove manganese and thus not solve your black gunk problem. Consequently, it is likely the better and more affordable option to install an under-the-sink filtration system where you need it.
What does not permanently fix the problem?
When you google for terms like “how to get rid of the black gunk on faucets or toilet bowls” you will find a lot of suggestions of well-meaning folks that don’t work or that only temporarily solve the problem, including:
- Regularly cleaning affected areas
- Using chemicals or natural remedies to clean the affected areas
- Flushing the main water supply line
- Replacing pipes
- Installing a whole house filter that does not rely on reverse osmosis
- Toilet bowl cleaner – they may even damage the valves and rubber seals in the tank
The root of the problem is particular minerals (manganese and iron) in your water supply. As a result, the only way to permanently address the issue is by removing said minerals from your water. One of the few ways to accomplish that is by reverse osmosis.
What causes black slime on bathroom fixtures?
Manganese-feeding bacteria (black slime) looks nasty, and I certainly don’t want to ingest it when taking a shower or taking a sip of water from the tap. But knowing that it is pretty much harmless gives me and my family peace of mind. Have you noticed manganese in your drinking water and if so, how did you get rid of it?